介绍长城的导游词50字_介绍长城的英文导游词范本

  • 发布时间:2019-10-13   浏览: 次   来源:   手机版

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  长城是全国文明风景旅游区示范点,世界文化遗产,导游带领游客参观时,要做好解说。接下来小编搜集了介绍长城的英文导游范本,仅供大家参考,希望帮助到大家。

  篇一:介绍长城的英文导游范本

  In the north of China, there lies a 6,700-kilometer-long (4,161-mile-long) ancient wall. Now well-known as the Great Wall of China, it starts at the Jiayuguan Paof Gansu Province in the west and ends at the Shanhaiguan Paof Hebei Province in the east. As one of the Eight Wonders in the world, the Great Wall of China has become the symbol of the Chinese nation and its culture.

  Lots of beautiful legends and stories about the Great Wall took place following along the construction, and since that time these stories have spread around the country. Those that happened during construction are abundant, such as Meng Jiangnu‘s story and the legend of the Jiayuguan Pass. Meng Jiangnu‘s story is the most famous and widely spread of all the legends about the Great Wall. The story happened during the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC). It tells of how Meng Jiangnu‘s bitter weeping made a section of the Great Wall collapse. Meng Jiangnu‘s husband Fan Qiliang was caught by federal officials and sent to build the Great Wall. Meng Jiangnu heard nothing from him after his departure, so she set out to look for him. Unfortunately, by the time she reached the great wall, she discovered that her husband had already died. Hearing the bad news, she cried her heart out. Her howl caused the collapse of a part of the Great Wall. This story indicates that the Great Wall is the production of tens of thousands of Chinese commoners.

介绍长城的英文导游词范本

  Another legend about the Jiayuguan Patells of a workman named Yi Kaizhan in the Ming Dynasty (1368BC-1644BC) who was proficient in arithmetic. He calculated that it would need 99,999 bricks to build the Jiayuguan Pass. The supervisor did not believe him and said if they miscalculated by even one brick, then all the workmen would be punished to do hard work for three years. After the completion of the project, one brick was left behind the Xiwong city gate. The supervisor was happy at the sight of the brick and ready to punish them. However Yi Kaizhan said with deliberation that the brick was put there by a supernatural being to fix the wall. A tiny move would cause the collapse of the wall. Therefore the brick was kept there and never moved. It can still be found there today on the tower of the Jiayuguan Pass.

  In addition to the above-mentioned stories about the construction of the Great Wall, there are also plenty of stories about current scenic spots. A famous one is the legend of the Beacon Tower. This story happened during the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC-711 BC). King You had a queen named Bao Si, who was very pretty. King You liked her very much, however Bao Si never smiled. An official gave a suggestion that setting the beacon tower on fire would frighten the King‘s subjects, and might make the queen smile. King You liked the idea. The subjects were fooled and Bao Si smiled at the sight of the chaos. Later enemies invaded Western Zhou, King You set the beacon tower on fire to ask for help. No subjects came to help because they had been fooled once before. Thus, King Zhou was killed by the enemy and Western Zhou came to an end.

  篇二:介绍长城的英文导游词范本

  The juyongguan Great Wall is one of the most renowned city, which rejects risks, ancient emperor of the barrier of northwest Beijing namely. The juyongguan built in a lofty mountain clip along, for about 20 kilometers of the valleys road, the valleys is the famous "shut ditch both capital city.

  The juyongguan on both sides are "mountain city" stands, GuanCheng climbing steep cliffs, not of the conjugate control, topped south Beijing channel. This absolutely risk topography, decided the importance of its military, ancient strategist, calls it "the KongE north-south ancient giant prevent". The tang dynasty poet in the frontier GaoShi, describe the juyongguan road when XianGuan males wrote: "absolutely slope under water, even the high peaks cloud.

  Sometime in the name of the man, according to the yuan dynasty recorded is qin shihuang had, in the far XiJu paihuli." The clutch is MinFu excise to residents. In the name of the clutch in earlier than qin shihuang unified national before. Writing in the warring states period wonderful indeology in: "the world nine fill, ranking the record count one. In the famous mountain in shansi eight Xing arranged in eighth, namely, the juyongguan KongE JunDouShan Xing the army. The juyongguan long years, in the town of though is always soldiers, but repeatedly called, said "yi kingdoms west", when Leonard changes of beiqi and close, "tang said" thistle gates first, "modified" army off ". By liao later jin, yuan, Ming and qing so far, he always called the juyongguan.

  Zhu zhu's regime established destroy the yuan dynasty (AD YuHongWu three years after 137 years) sent founding fathers xu-da conquer built the juyongguan city, this is built in Ming dynasty wall pass first recorded. Thus, the juyongguan the important strategic position. Xu GuanCheng, build is great. Ancient records: "cross two mountain, ten mile high on Monday, four cubits two feet." The juyongguan established in the city after thousands of Augustan, keep for years (A.D. 1404 years in the yongle and defended, promoted by five thousands hachmonite.

  Since the juyongguan HongWuJian shut, all previous dynasties have built after a bigger is early in. After the change, when the civil BingBu YuQian ministers in the Ming emperor: count the portal, appropriate for capital levels are eager to garrison is rebuilt the juyongguan king platform. The juyongguan south that MenE remaining embedded: "the juyongguan" stone plaque on eight months 550 years "in good day made" signature.

  The juyongguan Great Wall city, but also XianAi, undergo a pass more fires baptism, there was a few games decided to court director of battle. Fate

  Four northern song dynasty (AD 1122 marketing in the liao, is the first gold out of the juyongguan lay, and then south into invading liao, straight. Take all yanjing

  Rulers later, Mongolian forces had repeatedly conquer the juyongguan. But two years (A.D. 1209 jiading TaiZu rate in yuan, because when the juyongguan army offensive attack JinBing PingXian stick to and not for long. Finally the Mongolian soldiers ZiJingGuan, then turn round the attack by two state resources, easy GuanLi outward, two sides flanked, just captured the juyongguan.

  Ming army, also first strike destroyed under $, then the juyongguan left unchallenged, she picked the Beijing yuan dynasty. 277 years later, the article analyzes farmers insurgents, is captured, then the juyongguan into Beijing to overthrow the rotten respectively.

  In the history, though the juyongguan weather-beaten the war, but most of the time, here is a picture of peace. In 1971, in Inner Mongolia and ringo in an east han found, there is a picture of a "make jun from numerous Yang moved degrees of closing the mural, a vivid description of horses at the juyongguan scene. Bustling exchanges This picture precious mural to justify the juyongguan more than 2,000 years ago, already is the important gateway communication inside and outside the Great Wall.

  篇三:介绍长城的英文导游词范本

  The Great Wall, like the Pyramids of Egypt, the Taj Mahal(1) in India and the Hanging Garden of Babylon(2), is one of the great wonders of the world.

  Starting out in the east on the banks of the Yalu River in Liaoning Province, the Wall stretches westwards for 12,700 kilometers to Jiayuguan in the Gobi desert, thus known as the Ten Thousand Li Wall in China. The Wall climbs up and down, twists and turns along the ridges of the Yanshan and Yinshan Mountain Chains through five provinces——Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Gansu and two autonomous regions——Ningxia and Inner Mongolia, binding the northern China together.

  Historical records trace the construction of the origin of the Wall to defensive fortification back to the year 656 B.C. during the reign of King Cheng of the States of Chu. Its construction continued throughout the Warring States period in the fifth Century B.C. when ducal states Yan, Zhao, Wei, and Qin were frequently plundered by the nomadic peoples living north of the Yinshan and Yanshan mountain ranges. Walls, then, were built separately by these ducal states to ward off such harassments. Later in 221 B.C., when Qin conquered the other states and unified China, Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the connection of these individual walls and further extensions to form the basis of the present great wall. As a matter of fact, a separate outer wall was constructed north of the Yinshan range in the Han Dynasty(206 BC——1644 BC.), which went to ruin through years of neglect. In the many intervening centuries, succeeding dynasties rebuilt parts of the Wall. The most extensive reinforcements and renovations were carried out in the Ming Dynasty (1368——1644) when altogether 18 lengthy stretches were reinforced with bricks and rocks. it is mostly the Ming Dynasty Wall that visitors see today.

  The Great Wall is divided into two sections, the east and west, with Shanxi Province as the dividing line. The west part is a rammed earth construction, about 5.3 meters high on average. In the eastern part, the core of the Wall is rammed earth as well, but the outer shell is reinforced with bricks and rocks. The most imposing and best preserved sections of the Great Wall are at Badaling and Mutianyu, not far from Beijing and both are open to visitors. The Wall of those sections is 7.8 meters high and 6.5 meters wide at its base, narrowing to 5.8 meters on the ramparts, wide enough for five horses to gallop abreast. There are ramparts, embrasures, peep-holes and apertures for archers on the top, besides gutters with gargoyles to drain rain-water off the parapet walk. Two-storied watch-towers are built at approximately 400-meters internals. The top stories of the watch-tower were designed for observing enemy movements, while the first was used for storing grain, fodder, military equipment and gunpowder as well as for quartering garrison soldiers. The highest watch-tower at Badaling standing on a hill-top, is reached only after a steep climb, like "climbing a ladder to heaven". The view from the top is rewarding, hoverer. The Wall follows the contour of mountains that rise one behind the other until they finally fade and merge with distant haze.

  A signal system formerly existed that served to communicate military information to the dynastic capital. This consisted of beacon towers on the Wall itself and on mountain tops within sight of the Wall. At the approach of enemy troops, smoke signals gave the alarm from the beacon towers in the daytime and bonfire did this at night. Emergency signals could be relayed to the capital from distant places within a few hour long before the invention of anything like modern communications.

  There stand 14 major passes (Guan, in Chinese) at places of strategic importance along the Great Wall, the most important being Shanghaiguan and Jiayuguan. Yet the most impressive one is Juyongguan, about 50 kilometers northwest of Beijing.

  Known as "Tian Xia Di YI Guan" (The First Pass Under Heaven), Shanghaiguan Pass is situated between two sheer cliffs forming a neck connecting north China with the northeast. It had been, therefore, a key junction contested by all strategists and many famous battles were fought here. It was the gate of Shanghaiguan that the Ming general Wu Sangui opened to the Manchu army to suppress the peasant rebellion led by Li Zicheng and so surrendered the whole Ming empire to the Manchus, leading to the foundation of the Qing Dynasty. (1644-1911)

  Jiayuguan Pass was not so much as the "Strategic pass Under the Heaven" as an important communication center in Chinese history. Cleft between the snow-capped Qilian Mountains and the rolling Mazong Mountains, it was on the ancient Silk Road. Zhang Qian, the first envoy of Emperor Wu Di of the Western Han dynasty (206 B.C-24 A.D), crossed it on his journey to the western regions. Later, silk flowed to the west through this pass too. The gate-tower of Jiayuguan is an attractive building of excellent workmanship. It has an inner city and an outer city, the former square in shape and surrounded by a wall 11.7 meters high and 730 meters in circumference. It has two gates, an eastern one and a western one. On each gate sits a tower facing each other. the four corners of the wall are occupied by four watch towers, one for each.

  Juyongguan, a gateway to ancient Beijing from Inner Mongolia, was built in a 15-kilometer long ravine flanked by mountains. The cavalrymen of Genghis Khan swept through it in the 13th century. At the center of the pass is a white marble platform named the Cloud terrace, which was called the Crossing-Street Dagoba, since its narrow arch spanned the main street of the pass and on the top of the terrace there used to be three stone dagobas, built in the Yuan Daynasty(1206-1368). At the bottom of the terrace is a half-octagonal arch gateway, interesting for its wealth of detail: it is decorated with splendid images of Buddha and four celestial guardians carved on the walls. The vividness of their expressions is matched by the exquisite workmanship. such grandiose relics works, with several stones pieced together, are rarely seen in ancient Chinese carving. The gate jambs bear a multi-lingual Buddhist sutra, carved some 600 years ago in Sanskrit(3), Tibetan, Mongolian, Uigur(4), Han Chinese and the language of Western Xia. Undoubtedly, they are valuable to the study of Buddhism and ancient languages.

  As a cultural heritage, the Wall belongs not only to China but to the world. The Venice charter says: "Historical and cultural architecture not only includes the individual architectural works, but also the urban or rural environment that witnessed certain civilizations, significant social developments or historical events." The Great Wall is the largest of such historical and cultural architecture, and that is why it continues to be so attractive to people all over the world. In 1987, the Wall was listed by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage site.

本文来源:http://www.gxxing.cn/gushiwen/131440/

长城的景点介绍导游词
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